The Antares rocket with the space vehicle-truck Cygnus was launched from wallops flight facility in Virginia on the US East coast. This is the second flight of Cygnus to the International space station and the first of eight scheduled flights that are under contract with the National Agency of Aeronautics and space will carry out a private firm Orbital Sciences.
The docking of Cygnus with the International space station is scheduled for Sunday, January 12th. The ship will deliver to the station’s scientific equipment, as well as clothing and food for the ISS crew.
Initially, the launch of Cygnus was scheduled for December 19, but the launch was postponed for technical reasons.
The launch was performed the next day after NASA announced the decision to extend its participation in the ISS project until 2024, that is four years longer than previously planned.
Today, however, flights of private vehicles is not a novelty. The first launch of “private owners” was completed on may 22, 2012, then the Dragon spacecraft headed successfully to the international space station. American South African-born entrepreneur Elon Musk, sold in 2002, he created PayPal, decade put to private ships plied the space. It took him less than $1 billion of private investment to a hitch, which NASA refused for lack of funds. Continue reading
One hundred years ago the world was captivated by the idea of the existence of a ninth planet in the composition of the solar system. But today, in the year 75-year-old.
…Pluto, astronomers around the world have for that “little” romantic feelings…
The existence of a ninth planet in 1905, predicted the American Percival Lowell, famous for his search for a civilization on Mars. According to the calculations of Lowell, beyond the orbit of Neptune is another large celestial body, having a direct connection with the solar system.
Lowell noticed deviations in the motions of Uranus and Neptune from calculated orbits and decided that this is due to the influence of more distant planets. The object of his hypothesis, Lowell called planet X, but its “real” opening it, alas, did not survive. Continue reading
In 1984, U.S. President Ronald Reagan announced the beginning of works on creation of an American space station.
In 1988 the station was named “Freedom” (“Freedom”). At that time it was a joint project of USA, ESA, Canada and Japan. Planned managed large station modules which will be delivered on orbit by space shuttles. But by the beginning of 1990-ies it became clear that the cost of developing the project is too large and only international cooperation will allow to create such a station. The USSR, already had experience of creation and injection into orbit, orbital stations “Salyut” and “Mir” space station, planned in the early 1990s, the creation of the station “Mir-2”, but due to economic difficulties, the project was suspended.
17 June 1992 the U.S. and Russia signed an agreement on cooperation in space research. In accordance with the Russian space Agency and NASA have developed a joint program “Mir — Shuttle”. This programme provided for the safety of American ships reusable “space Shuttle” to the Russian space station Mir, the inclusion of a Russian cosmonaut in the crew of the American Shuttle and American astronauts in the crew of the Soyuz spacecraft and the Mir station. Continue reading