activities

The History of cosmonautics

The methodology of extra-curricular activities

“History of cosmonautics”

Goal . formation of knowledge about the history of space exploration.

Learning objectives:

Secondary . formation of concepts:

– theoretical and practical assumptions kosmonavtiki research;

– the relation of the space with natural-mathematical Sciences and engineering;

– on the practical application of means of space exploration in science, technology, culture, industry and agriculture;

– about the space: space craft (SPACECRAFT), launch vehicles (LV), artificial Earth satellites (AES); spacecraft (SC), orbital stations (OS), automatic interplanetary stations (AWS);

– about the history of space research in Russia and abroad.

Educational . formation of scientific Outlook of pupils in the course of exploring the history of human knowledge. Patriotic education while getting acquainted with the outstanding role of Russian science and technology in space development. Polytechnic education and labour upbringing in presenting information on the practical application of space exploration. Continue reading

Long-term manned space missions is now impossible

The answer to the question of how in the coming years will be Russia’s contribution into the process of full exploration by the inhabitants of the Earth, not yet clear

Before the first manned flights into space, many physicians feared that in weightlessness the astronaut may be a different disease: ulcers and kidney stones, sudden weight loss, softening of bones, decreased muscle tone, the development of sea-sickness, disturbance of the orientation and other misfortunes. But in reality it turned out that astronauts in General are more or less able to adapt to microgravity and not to experience any serious discomfort, especially in flight conditions, the duration of which does not exceed 6-10 months. In order to reduce harmful effects to a minimum, the astronauts, while in orbit, exercise, diet, etc.

But how will affect the human body long-term space flight, lasting several years, physiologists have collected insufficient data.

In light of the active conversations and different messages about the future of manned human flight to Mars, which include the experiment “Mars-500” and recent statements by President Barack Obama . this information is very necessary. Continue reading

Private space flights have become almost commonplace

The Antares rocket with the space vehicle-truck Cygnus was launched from wallops flight facility in Virginia on the US East coast. This is the second flight of Cygnus to the International space station and the first of eight scheduled flights that are under contract with the National Agency of Aeronautics and space will carry out a private firm Orbital Sciences.

The docking of Cygnus with the International space station is scheduled for Sunday, January 12th. The ship will deliver to the station’s scientific equipment, as well as clothing and food for the ISS crew.

Initially, the launch of Cygnus was scheduled for December 19, but the launch was postponed for technical reasons.

The launch was performed the next day after NASA announced the decision to extend its participation in the ISS project until 2024, that is four years longer than previously planned.

Today, however, flights of private vehicles is not a novelty. The first launch of “private owners” was completed on may 22, 2012, then the Dragon spacecraft headed successfully to the international space station. American South African-born entrepreneur Elon Musk, sold in 2002, he created PayPal, decade put to private ships plied the space. It took him less than $1 billion of private investment to a hitch, which NASA refused for lack of funds. Continue reading

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