The whole history of cosmonautics in one place

Somehow it happened that I visited Kaluga in sufficient regularity, usually either passing through some of the local estate. or just cases.

Never got to walk around the city, and even more so to see the State Museum of the history of cosmonautics named after K. E. Tsiolkovsky. But once again it so happened that I had to go to Kaluga for one printing, meaning we had to ride 100 miles for 5 minutes. In the end, as in Kaluga, I got the idea to finally carry out his wish.

The state Museum of the history of cosmonautics named after K. E. Tsiolkovsky in Kaluga — the world’s first and Russia’s largest space Museum. In its creation participated personally famous designer Korolev and Yuri Gagarin. Last June 13, 1961 laid the first stone in the Foundation of the future Museum:

And after 6 years, the new Museum welcomed its first visitors. In the Museum you can get acquainted with the domestic history of cosmonautics, from the first artificial satellite of the Earth to modern long-term orbital stations. However, many of the original machines that had been in space you can see with your own eyes. Continue reading

Cosmonaut held in Tula space debate

On cosmonautics Day, the students gathered in the TSU to discuss the most interesting “star” questions.

On the agenda of these debates were three interesting topics: “Space tourism” “Space debris” and “give a star from the sky”. All the “pros” and “cons” emotionally discussed two teams from the main universities: the University and the Tomsk state pedagogical University.

Leading the debate was inhabitant of Tula Sergey Zaletin, pilot-cosmonaut and hero of Russia. At the beginning of the meeting, he noted that the conquest of space means a lot to the Tula region:

Of the 85 regions of our country was only 120 astronauts and four of them – from the Tula region: Yevgeny Khrunov, Valery Polyakov, Nikolai Tikhonov and me. Tikhonov is the youngest of us, and in flight he is only going two years later.

I noticed an interesting pattern: Polyakov 71 years old, I’m 51, 31 Tikhonov, probably, somewhere on the Tula earth future astronaut growing up, by my calculations, he should now be 11 years old. Continue reading

Short-term space flights of man

Manned flights on the orbital stations

In the first decade of the era of manned spaceflight duration increased from 108 min to 18 days. Made in this period, medical and biological research (in the Russian ships “Vostok”, “Voskhod”, “Union”; in the U.S. project “mercury”, “Gemini”, “Apollo”) have proved the possibility of relatively short-term (up to 2-3 weeks) stay safe man in the space flight environment and active activities outside of the ship.

The most significant changes in the major systems of the human body were observed after flights. They were shown to decrease the body’s resistance to physical and orthostatic stress; impaired coordination of movements and regulation of the vertical posture; a reduction of body weight, hydration of the body, decreasing the volume of blood plasma and erythrocyte mass; asthenia. These changes in General increased with increasing duration of space flights and after flights, lasting 14 to 18 days, were practically significant.

Post-flight revealed improvements of indicated that to further increase the duration of flights you need to apply a system of appropriate protective and preventive measures that will facilitate adaptation of the human body to terrestrial conditions after the completion of the flight. Continue reading

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