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Comets of the Solar system

Comets: the oldest inhabitants of the Solar system

J. L. Lagrange (1813) was also based on firmly established facts – the presence of comets that definitely move in elliptical orbits, including short-period. He explained the origin of comets gigantic volcanic explosions – emissions (eruption) with giant planets. It is, in principle, could explain the nature of the orbits of short-period comets. Subsequently, the views of La Grange shared and developed a number of scientists, among which the most important contribution of the Soviet astronomer S. K. Bo, who worked in this direction with the 20-ies to 80-ies of our century. He has eliminated the biggest internal difficulty is the concept of Lagrange – the necessity of the ejection of cometary masses (nuclei) with the “surface” of the giant planets with their powerful gravity fields, the overcoming of which requires an initial speed of 60 km/s and more. Giant planets also have thick (the length of many thousands of miles) and very dense atmosphere, in the middle of the twentieth century has been very problematic the very existence of a solid surface planets – giants beneath these atmospheres. Continue reading

Sport in space begins with a football in zero gravity

So, according to the company, Space Island Group, might look like orbiting the stadium. The game tourists in the ball channels could broadcast live .

Weightless — what is not a reason to invent a whole new class of sports? After all, space sports of one type or another, more than likely. Especially due to the rapid development of the private aerospace business and the increased number of space tourists. Is it any wonder that competition in zero-gravity invented today?

If we talk about professional cosmonauts or astronauts, sports games in orbit for them is obvious. Given the fact that in the future the crews of the expand, and the missions will be very long, like missions to the moon or Mars.

A peaceful “battle” with each other under conditions of zero gravity could help space travelers not only to diversify the flight, but also to maintain health, physical and mental. But for space tourists sport in space can be a great added attraction. Continue reading

Short-term space flights of man

Manned flights on the orbital stations

In the first decade of the era of manned spaceflight duration increased from 108 min to 18 days. Made in this period, medical and biological research (in the Russian ships “Vostok”, “Voskhod”, “Union”; in the U.S. project “mercury”, “Gemini”, “Apollo”) have proved the possibility of relatively short-term (up to 2-3 weeks) stay safe man in the space flight environment and active activities outside of the ship.

The most significant changes in the major systems of the human body were observed after flights. They were shown to decrease the body’s resistance to physical and orthostatic stress; impaired coordination of movements and regulation of the vertical posture; a reduction of body weight, hydration of the body, decreasing the volume of blood plasma and erythrocyte mass; asthenia. These changes in General increased with increasing duration of space flights and after flights, lasting 14 to 18 days, were practically significant.

Post-flight revealed improvements of indicated that to further increase the duration of flights you need to apply a system of appropriate protective and preventive measures that will facilitate adaptation of the human body to terrestrial conditions after the completion of the flight. Continue reading

The biggest planet in the Universe
The universe is a vast space in which there are many planets, stars, heavenly bodies. Our solar system is just one element of the galaxy, the main constituent of which…

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Candidates for space tourists are in Russia medical examination
The group of applicants for a trip into space undergoes a medical examination at the Institute of biomedical problems (IBMP) of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The specialists of the…

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Solar system
Solar system is the planetary system that includes the Sun. and all the objects orbiting it – planets, moons, asteroids. comet. a large number of meteoroids, gas and cosmic dust…

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