The History of cosmonautics

The methodology of extra-curricular activities

“History of cosmonautics”

Goal . formation of knowledge about the history of space exploration.

Learning objectives:

Secondary . formation of concepts:

– theoretical and practical assumptions kosmonavtiki research;

– the relation of the space with natural-mathematical Sciences and engineering;

– on the practical application of means of space exploration in science, technology, culture, industry and agriculture;

– about the space: space craft (SPACECRAFT), launch vehicles (LV), artificial Earth satellites (AES); spacecraft (SC), orbital stations (OS), automatic interplanetary stations (AWS);

– about the history of space research in Russia and abroad.

Educational . formation of scientific Outlook of pupils in the course of exploring the history of human knowledge. Patriotic education while getting acquainted with the outstanding role of Russian science and technology in space development. Polytechnic education and labour upbringing in presenting information on the practical application of space exploration. Continue reading

The region of formation of comet Tempel 1 and the model of solar system formation

“Our observation was aimed at studying the chemical composition of the comet Tempel 1,” says Michael Mumma (Michael Turner) from space flight Center NASA Goddard (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center). The Mumma and his colleagues used a powerful telescope, the Keck Observatory in Hawaii for a detailed analysis of the light emitted by the gas of the comet at the moment of impact. Since each type of atoms and molecules has its own characteristic frequency of radiation, on the basis of this, scientists were able to determine the chemical composition of the comet’s nucleus.

Comets are blocks, which consist of ice and dust that move in elongated orbits. It is believed that the nucleus of the comet is gas and dust formations, remaining after the formation of the main bodies of the solar system.

When approaching the Sun, its radiation heats the comet’s nucleus, releasing dust and gas. The latter form a coma (cloud around the nucleus) and one or more tails. Repeated heating leads to the fact that disappear from the surface of the substance having a low boiling point. In fact, the nucleus of a comet is formed “crust” that is different chemically from its internal regions. This makes it difficult to determine the true composition of the comet just by studying the gas in its tail. Continue reading

View from space

5 documentaries about space, which is a must-see after “Gravity”.

Of course, no one claims that the recent release with George Clooney and Sandra bullock is a scientific and educational films. However, in the film there are scenes that require clarification to fully appreciate the realism of the project, Alfonso Cuaron. To do this, we have found 5 documentaries that are not only fascinating but also relevant to the plot of “Gravity.”

“Hubble 3D”, 2010

At the beginning of “Gravity” Dr. Ryan stone, she is new to NASA, trust the repair of Hubble telescope. Learn how the Hubble looks real, how many people have access to it and what happens when damage to a spacecraft, from a picture of Tony Myers. The film “Hubble 3D” is a complete film magazine on a mission “Atlantis”, where the parts are shown in a professional kitchen around Sara and satellites. It is noteworthy that the astronaut Michael Massimino, who was in the space Shuttle Atlantis, is considered the prototype of Matt Kowalski, played by Clooney. The number of celebrities associated with the movie, not the end — in the original version of the film narration reads Leonardo DiCaprio. Continue reading

Small bodies of the Solar system
ASTEROIDS The rule of titzius-Bode r=0.3*2n+ 0,4 (.e)In the XIII century, astronomers searched for a planet whose orbit is held in the space between Mars and Jupiter In the beginning…

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Planets of the solar system
Solar system — the planetary system that includes a Central star — the Sun — and all the natural space objects orbiting the Sun. It was formed by gravitational contraction…

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What are the sizes of the planets?
A planet differs from a star. The star is a giant ball composed of hot gases, radiant heat and light. The planet is much smaller in size. It emits no…

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