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Comets of the Solar system

Comets: the oldest inhabitants of the Solar system

J. L. Lagrange (1813) was also based on firmly established facts – the presence of comets that definitely move in elliptical orbits, including short-period. He explained the origin of comets gigantic volcanic explosions – emissions (eruption) with giant planets. It is, in principle, could explain the nature of the orbits of short-period comets. Subsequently, the views of La Grange shared and developed a number of scientists, among which the most important contribution of the Soviet astronomer S. K. Bo, who worked in this direction with the 20-ies to 80-ies of our century. He has eliminated the biggest internal difficulty is the concept of Lagrange – the necessity of the ejection of cometary masses (nuclei) with the “surface” of the giant planets with their powerful gravity fields, the overcoming of which requires an initial speed of 60 km/s and more. Giant planets also have thick (the length of many thousands of miles) and very dense atmosphere, in the middle of the twentieth century has been very problematic the very existence of a solid surface planets – giants beneath these atmospheres. Continue reading

Coma of the comet

The comet’s coma or head of the comet . is a fuzzy mist surrounding the actual nucleus of the comet. Including the tail, the coma is all we actually see, watching the comet from the Earth.

The shape and structure of the comet’s coma

The shape of the coma can vary from comet to comet and for the same comet during its passage, depending on its distance from the Sun and the corresponding quantities of dust and gas. Pale or bright comets producing little dust and often have a round shape, and comets that produce a significant amount of cometary dust have fan-shaped or parabolic shape.

This is due to released different-sized dust grains: those that are bigger are moving to the left along the trajectory of a cometary orbit, and the smaller particles are repelled from the Sun using light pressure.

Coma has 2 main components: gas-shell and shell dust. In fact, scientists believe that comets produce almost the same amount of gas and dust. Continue reading

Giant planet was found at a distance of 25 000 light years from us

25 000 light years from Earth discovered a huge planet eight times bigger than Jupiter

An international team of astronomers has discovered a world that is 2,500 times the size of Earth.

A planet called MOA-2011-BLG-322 about 8 times that of Jupiter, which is the largest planet in our solar system. Astronomers believe it orbits around a star, distant from us at a distance of 25 000 light-years and with a mass equal to a third of the Sun.

Huge world, exceeding the size of the Earth 2,500 times, was discovered by an international team of astronomers. Artistic representation of an unknown planet

As reported by Ian O’neill in Discovery News, the giant planet was discovered using a technology known as “microlensing”.

Microlensing uses the General theory of relativity of albert Einstein, which assumes that gravity is actually the curvature of space and time. Continue reading

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