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The History of cosmonautics

The methodology of extra-curricular activities

“History of cosmonautics”

Goal . formation of knowledge about the history of space exploration.

Learning objectives:

Secondary . formation of concepts:

– theoretical and practical assumptions kosmonavtiki research;

– the relation of the space with natural-mathematical Sciences and engineering;

– on the practical application of means of space exploration in science, technology, culture, industry and agriculture;

– about the space: space craft (SPACECRAFT), launch vehicles (LV), artificial Earth satellites (AES); spacecraft (SC), orbital stations (OS), automatic interplanetary stations (AWS);

– about the history of space research in Russia and abroad.

Educational . formation of scientific Outlook of pupils in the course of exploring the history of human knowledge. Patriotic education while getting acquainted with the outstanding role of Russian science and technology in space development. Polytechnic education and labour upbringing in presenting information on the practical application of space exploration. Continue reading

Space probe approaching Pluto after 9 years

The NASA probe New Horizons close to Pluto and will be able to enter the planet’s atmosphere in July of this year

Span New horizons near Pluto in the artist’s impression of NASA.

The ship, which was launched back in 2006 has come nearer to the outer body at a distance that allows you to make high-quality pictures of its surface.

NASA may have to adjust its trajectory in case of detection of unknown cosmic bodies, reports Russia Today .

Apart from the modern equipment on Board the spacecraft is an urn with the remains of the discoverer of Pluto Clyde Tombaugh (1906-1997), CDs with a message to aliens, U.S. coins, flags and postage stamps. On Board the SPACECRAFT is the CD 434 738 names of people who participated in the campaign NASA “Send your name to Pluto” (Send Your Name to Pluto).

Task apparatus is the study of the atmosphere and the ground layers of Pluto, moreover, New Horizons will create a map of the surface of the farthest planet in our System. Continue reading

Long-term manned space missions is now impossible

The answer to the question of how in the coming years will be Russia’s contribution into the process of full exploration by the inhabitants of the Earth, not yet clear

Before the first manned flights into space, many physicians feared that in weightlessness the astronaut may be a different disease: ulcers and kidney stones, sudden weight loss, softening of bones, decreased muscle tone, the development of sea-sickness, disturbance of the orientation and other misfortunes. But in reality it turned out that astronauts in General are more or less able to adapt to microgravity and not to experience any serious discomfort, especially in flight conditions, the duration of which does not exceed 6-10 months. In order to reduce harmful effects to a minimum, the astronauts, while in orbit, exercise, diet, etc.

But how will affect the human body long-term space flight, lasting several years, physiologists have collected insufficient data.

In light of the active conversations and different messages about the future of manned human flight to Mars, which include the experiment “Mars-500” and recent statements by President Barack Obama . this information is very necessary. Continue reading

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