The whole history of cosmonautics in one place

Somehow it happened that I visited Kaluga in sufficient regularity, usually either passing through some of the local estate. or just cases.

Never got to walk around the city, and even more so to see the State Museum of the history of cosmonautics named after K. E. Tsiolkovsky. But once again it so happened that I had to go to Kaluga for one printing, meaning we had to ride 100 miles for 5 minutes. In the end, as in Kaluga, I got the idea to finally carry out his wish.

The state Museum of the history of cosmonautics named after K. E. Tsiolkovsky in Kaluga — the world’s first and Russia’s largest space Museum. In its creation participated personally famous designer Korolev and Yuri Gagarin. Last June 13, 1961 laid the first stone in the Foundation of the future Museum:

And after 6 years, the new Museum welcomed its first visitors. In the Museum you can get acquainted with the domestic history of cosmonautics, from the first artificial satellite of the Earth to modern long-term orbital stations. However, many of the original machines that had been in space you can see with your own eyes. Continue reading

The region of formation of comet Tempel 1 and the model of solar system formation

“Our observation was aimed at studying the chemical composition of the comet Tempel 1,” says Michael Mumma (Michael Turner) from space flight Center NASA Goddard (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center). The Mumma and his colleagues used a powerful telescope, the Keck Observatory in Hawaii for a detailed analysis of the light emitted by the gas of the comet at the moment of impact. Since each type of atoms and molecules has its own characteristic frequency of radiation, on the basis of this, scientists were able to determine the chemical composition of the comet’s nucleus.

Comets are blocks, which consist of ice and dust that move in elongated orbits. It is believed that the nucleus of the comet is gas and dust formations, remaining after the formation of the main bodies of the solar system.

When approaching the Sun, its radiation heats the comet’s nucleus, releasing dust and gas. The latter form a coma (cloud around the nucleus) and one or more tails. Repeated heating leads to the fact that disappear from the surface of the substance having a low boiling point. In fact, the nucleus of a comet is formed “crust” that is different chemically from its internal regions. This makes it difficult to determine the true composition of the comet just by studying the gas in its tail. Continue reading

View from space

5 documentaries about space, which is a must-see after “Gravity”.

Of course, no one claims that the recent release with George Clooney and Sandra bullock is a scientific and educational films. However, in the film there are scenes that require clarification to fully appreciate the realism of the project, Alfonso Cuaron. To do this, we have found 5 documentaries that are not only fascinating but also relevant to the plot of “Gravity.”

“Hubble 3D”, 2010

At the beginning of “Gravity” Dr. Ryan stone, she is new to NASA, trust the repair of Hubble telescope. Learn how the Hubble looks real, how many people have access to it and what happens when damage to a spacecraft, from a picture of Tony Myers. The film “Hubble 3D” is a complete film magazine on a mission “Atlantis”, where the parts are shown in a professional kitchen around Sara and satellites. It is noteworthy that the astronaut Michael Massimino, who was in the space Shuttle Atlantis, is considered the prototype of Matt Kowalski, played by Clooney. The number of celebrities associated with the movie, not the end — in the original version of the film narration reads Leonardo DiCaprio. Continue reading

Private space flights have become almost commonplace
The Antares rocket with the space vehicle-truck Cygnus was launched from wallops flight facility in Virginia on the US East coast. This is the second flight of Cygnus to the…

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Comets from the far reaches
Astronomers have determined that comets from the far reaches of our Solar system do not threaten the Earth. The discovery was made after computer modeling of the behavior of these…

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Solar system
Solar system is the planetary system that includes the Sun. and all the objects orbiting it – planets, moons, asteroids. comet. a large number of meteoroids, gas and cosmic dust…

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