history

The History of cosmonautics

The methodology of extra-curricular activities

“History of cosmonautics”

Goal . formation of knowledge about the history of space exploration.

Learning objectives:

Secondary . formation of concepts:

– theoretical and practical assumptions kosmonavtiki research;

– the relation of the space with natural-mathematical Sciences and engineering;

– on the practical application of means of space exploration in science, technology, culture, industry and agriculture;

– about the space: space craft (SPACECRAFT), launch vehicles (LV), artificial Earth satellites (AES); spacecraft (SC), orbital stations (OS), automatic interplanetary stations (AWS);

– about the history of space research in Russia and abroad.

Educational . formation of scientific Outlook of pupils in the course of exploring the history of human knowledge. Patriotic education while getting acquainted with the outstanding role of Russian science and technology in space development. Polytechnic education and labour upbringing in presenting information on the practical application of space exploration. Continue reading

The whole history of cosmonautics in one place

Somehow it happened that I visited Kaluga in sufficient regularity, usually either passing through some of the local estate. or just cases.

Never got to walk around the city, and even more so to see the State Museum of the history of cosmonautics named after K. E. Tsiolkovsky. But once again it so happened that I had to go to Kaluga for one printing, meaning we had to ride 100 miles for 5 minutes. In the end, as in Kaluga, I got the idea to finally carry out his wish.

The state Museum of the history of cosmonautics named after K. E. Tsiolkovsky in Kaluga — the world’s first and Russia’s largest space Museum. In its creation participated personally famous designer Korolev and Yuri Gagarin. Last June 13, 1961 laid the first stone in the Foundation of the future Museum:

And after 6 years, the new Museum welcomed its first visitors. In the Museum you can get acquainted with the domestic history of cosmonautics, from the first artificial satellite of the Earth to modern long-term orbital stations. However, many of the original machines that had been in space you can see with your own eyes. Continue reading

Great Hiking on the moon

China completed test heavy carrier rocket “Changzheng-5” (“long March 5”), which will be the basis for its lunar missions. Federal news Agency – at what level is the celestial space.

About the end of the test “Changzheng-5” according to the Chinese media. The development of these rockets was originally planned to be completed in 2008, but funding was only allocated in 2007. In the end, the first tests began in September of last year, and the first test flight is scheduled for September. In 2017 it is planned with the help of this rocket launch to the Earth return vehicle “Chang’e-5” to collect the local soil.

“Changzheng-5” refers to the basic Chinese family of rockets, named in honor of the legendary long March of the Communists in the Civil war in China. “Changzheng-1” was created on the basis of a ballistic missile with a nuclear warhead “Dongfeng-4”, launched in 1970 the first Chinese satellite. In fact, from this time begins the history of taikonautti – space Chinese.

However, prior to the 1990-2000-ies the development of the Chinese space was neither good, nor bad. And only in the last 10-20 years there was a serious success. But the speed of development was downright cosmic. Continue reading

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