jupiter

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Comets of the Solar system

Comets: the oldest inhabitants of the Solar system

J. L. Lagrange (1813) was also based on firmly established facts – the presence of comets that definitely move in elliptical orbits, including short-period. He explained the origin of comets gigantic volcanic explosions – emissions (eruption) with giant planets. It is, in principle, could explain the nature of the orbits of short-period comets. Subsequently, the views of La Grange shared and developed a number of scientists, among which the most important contribution of the Soviet astronomer S. K. Bo, who worked in this direction with the 20-ies to 80-ies of our century. He has eliminated the biggest internal difficulty is the concept of Lagrange – the necessity of the ejection of cometary masses (nuclei) with the “surface” of the giant planets with their powerful gravity fields, the overcoming of which requires an initial speed of 60 km/s and more. Giant planets also have thick (the length of many thousands of miles) and very dense atmosphere, in the middle of the twentieth century has been very problematic the very existence of a solid surface planets – giants beneath these atmospheres. Continue reading

Solar system

Solar system is the planetary system that includes the Sun. and all the objects orbiting it – planets, moons, asteroids. comet. a large number of meteoroids, gas and cosmic dust .

But how was Solar system formed? The universe formed through the Big Bang. There is the Big Bang theory, which says that long ago the universe was small and hot lump. Suddenly it exploded, expanded space, the temperature of the particles decreased considerably. Due to the force of gravity began to gather clouds of matter, the result of which was formed all the galaxies and stars. It took about 8 billion years after the Big Bang, before the Solar system was formed. The matter is unevenly distributed in space and began to attract the dust and gas. Formed dust and gas clouds, they eventually formed star, the Sun. From other particles of the cloud formed other objects.

Components of the Solar system are divided into categories:

1. Planet

3. Small body

The center of the Solar system is the Sun . It accounts for almost all of the bulk system – 99,87 %. Continue reading

Model of the Solar system

Solar system is a system of planets orbiting around a star, the Sun. Among those planets is our Earth. The solar System consists of the sun and of celestial bodies held by solar gravity. The mass of the sun is about 330 000 times the mass of the earth and makes up 99.8% mass entire solar system. The diameter of the sun is 1 400 000 km, i.e. about 109 Earth diameters. In the solar system except the sun is made up of eight planets, over 150 moons, and small bodies such as asteroids, comets and meteors.

In order of proximity to the Sun, the eight planets are mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune.

To measure distances in the solar system is used “astronomical unit” (AU). One AU corresponds to the distance from the earth to the Sun. Thus, the distance of one AU is nearly 150 million kilometers. For example, Jupiter rotates on its orbit 5.2 AU, i.e. the distance from the Sun is 5.2 times larger than the Earth. Continue reading

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The largest planet of the Universe
Our universe is huge, and it seems to us that more of the globe there can be nothing, but it is not. There are planets much larger and more massive.…

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Solar system
The science of studying celestial bodies and the Universe, astronomy . is one of the most important, since the beginning of time and reveals the secrets of our planet, Solar…

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What are the sizes of the planets?
A planet differs from a star. The star is a giant ball composed of hot gases, radiant heat and light. The planet is much smaller in size. It emits no…

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