The History of cosmonautics

The methodology of extra-curricular activities

“History of cosmonautics”

Goal . formation of knowledge about the history of space exploration.

Learning objectives:

Secondary . formation of concepts:

– theoretical and practical assumptions kosmonavtiki research;

– the relation of the space with natural-mathematical Sciences and engineering;

– on the practical application of means of space exploration in science, technology, culture, industry and agriculture;

– about the space: space craft (SPACECRAFT), launch vehicles (LV), artificial Earth satellites (AES); spacecraft (SC), orbital stations (OS), automatic interplanetary stations (AWS);

– about the history of space research in Russia and abroad.

Educational . formation of scientific Outlook of pupils in the course of exploring the history of human knowledge. Patriotic education while getting acquainted with the outstanding role of Russian science and technology in space development. Polytechnic education and labour upbringing in presenting information on the practical application of space exploration. Continue reading

Characteristics of comets

In addition, comets can carry the names of the people who discovered them, e.g., comet Halley, comet Machholz, comet shoemaker–levy 9 comet or Mac Note.

Movement and spatial distribution

All comets are members of the Solar system. They, like the planets, are subject to the laws of gravity, but move very peculiar. All the planets revolve around the Sun in one direction (which is referred to as “direct” as opposed to “reverse”) on nearly circular orbits that lie roughly in one plane (the Ecliptic), while comets move in both forward and reverse directions on highly elongated (eccentric) orbits, inclined at different angles to the Ecliptic. It is the nature of motion immediately gives the comet.

Long-period comets (orbital period greater than 200 years) come from regions located thousands of times further than the most remote planets, and their orbits are tilted at all angles. Short-period comets (period less than 200 years) come from the region of the outer planets, moving in the forward direction for orbits lying close to the Ecliptic. Continue reading

Brown and Batygin told about the discovery of the ninth planet of the Solar system

Scientists shared their impressions

21 January 2016, two scientists from the California Institute of technology, Professor Mike brown and Professor Konstantin Batygin has officially announced that they have found a ninth planet in our Solar system. According to their mathematical models, it is a gas giant like Uranus or Neptune, the mass of the discovered planet 10 times the mass of Earth, it rotates in an orbit 20 times larger than the earth and it requires from 10,000 to 20,000 years to make one complete revolution around the Sun. However, very reliable model of scientists has demonstrated and existing telescopes have not yet managed to see her.

Scientists have been very mixed on the nature of their activities and perhaps that is why they have achieved such amazing results. So brown has increasingly resorted to methods of observation and explores distant objects in our Solar system, whereas Batygin relies more on the laws of physics and mathematical calculations. Apparently, that tandem allowed the researchers to calculate the so-called ninth planet. Continue reading

Sergey Vinsky is planning a trip to the moon
Only three years left until that happy moment when the first space tourist from Earth will be in lunar orbit. To launch travelers into space will be from Baikonur. The…

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Meteors It has long been observed that the nuclei of periodic comets are depleted, with every turn they glow weaker. Not once was there a division of cometary nuclei into…

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Sport in space begins with a football in zero gravity
So, according to the company, Space Island Group, might look like orbiting the stadium. The game tourists in the ball channels could broadcast live . Weightless — what is not…

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