The largest planet of the Solar System, the third brightest object night sky (after the moon and Venus). Is gazaille body, hard surface does not. Consists mostly of hydrogen and helium. Due to their size can be observed with the naked eye as a star of the first magnitude, but only for a short time in the morning or in the evening. The average distance from the Sun 778 million km conversion – 314.8 years 11 days.
Jupiter has 16 satellites: IO, Leda, Teba(Phoebe), Carme, ELARA, Ananke, Europe, Metis, Pasiphae, Sinope, hamalia, Ganymede, Lysithea, Amalthea, Callisto, and Andrastea. System his companions like a scaled-down model of the Solar system. The four major satellites (Ganymede, Callisto, IO and Europa) discovered by Galileo and are called the Galilean. Continue reading
A planet differs from a star. The star is a giant ball composed of hot gases, radiant heat and light. The planet is much smaller in size. It emits no light, but rather, is warmed by starlight.
Let’s look at all the planets in order, starting with the one that is closest to the Sun. The nearest planet to Sun — mercury. The diameter of mercury is 4878 kilometers counts, i.e. equal to the Atlantic ocean. And that means mercury is much smaller than Earth.
The next planet is Venus. It’s almost the same size as our Earth. In diameter it has about 12 100 kilometers, and the Earth’s diameter is 12 kilometers 742,5. By the way, Venus rotates around the Sun in the opposite direction, from East to West. For Venus is Earth, then Mars.
Reddish color of the planet Mars has always distinguished it from other heavenly bodies of the Solar system. The diameter of this planet has 6780 miles. This is slightly greater than half the diameter of the Earth. Mars has always attracted the attention of scientists. Because the surface of this planet is visible to any shape, resembling canals. Out of all the planets of the Solar system except our Earth, on Mars it is most likely sushestvovaniya any form of life, maybe vegetable. Continue reading
About the discovery of the ninth planet of the Solar system two astronomers from the California Institute of technology in Pasadena became known on January 20. One of them — the native of Russia Konstantin Batygin — spoke about the search for Planet X, the difficulties with the title the new heavenly bodies and unsolved mysteries of the Solar system.
What is an open planet?
Konstantin Batygin . She falls into the category of dwarf planets. This celestial body is quite massive. Our model gives a mass of about ten earth, this planet is just a giant. Now it is defined as a celestial object whose gravitational field is dominant in that part of the Solar system.
In General, there is not even a question: it’s a planet or not. We know about it, because its gravity affects the orbit of the farthest objects in the Kuiper belt. The very mathematical modeling relies on the fact that this planet has enough mass for gravity to dominate in the Solar system. Continue reading