nucleus

Coma of the comet

The comet’s coma or head of the comet . is a fuzzy mist surrounding the actual nucleus of the comet. Including the tail, the coma is all we actually see, watching the comet from the Earth.

The shape and structure of the comet’s coma

The shape of the coma can vary from comet to comet and for the same comet during its passage, depending on its distance from the Sun and the corresponding quantities of dust and gas. Pale or bright comets producing little dust and often have a round shape, and comets that produce a significant amount of cometary dust have fan-shaped or parabolic shape.

This is due to released different-sized dust grains: those that are bigger are moving to the left along the trajectory of a cometary orbit, and the smaller particles are repelled from the Sun using light pressure.

Coma has 2 main components: gas-shell and shell dust. In fact, scientists believe that comets produce almost the same amount of gas and dust. Continue reading

The region of formation of comet Tempel 1 and the model of solar system formation

“Our observation was aimed at studying the chemical composition of the comet Tempel 1,” says Michael Mumma (Michael Turner) from space flight Center NASA Goddard (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center). The Mumma and his colleagues used a powerful telescope, the Keck Observatory in Hawaii for a detailed analysis of the light emitted by the gas of the comet at the moment of impact. Since each type of atoms and molecules has its own characteristic frequency of radiation, on the basis of this, scientists were able to determine the chemical composition of the comet’s nucleus.

Comets are blocks, which consist of ice and dust that move in elongated orbits. It is believed that the nucleus of the comet is gas and dust formations, remaining after the formation of the main bodies of the solar system.

When approaching the Sun, its radiation heats the comet’s nucleus, releasing dust and gas. The latter form a coma (cloud around the nucleus) and one or more tails. Repeated heating leads to the fact that disappear from the surface of the substance having a low boiling point. In fact, the nucleus of a comet is formed “crust” that is different chemically from its internal regions. This makes it difficult to determine the true composition of the comet just by studying the gas in its tail. Continue reading

Small bodies of the Solar system

ASTEROIDS

The rule of titzius-Bode r=0.3*2n+ 0,4 (.e)In the XIII century, astronomers searched for a planet whose orbit is held in the space between Mars and Jupiter In the beginning of the XIX century Italian astronomer Piazzi discovered the first minor planet (asteroid) Ceres.Opened the asteroid belt between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter

The movement of asteroids

The asteroids move around the Sun in the same direction as that of large planitia orbits have large excentricitate of them are removed at aphelion the orbit of Saturn, and perihelion closer to the Earth Mars and Hermes in 1937 passed from Earth to 580 000 km Icarus every 19 years closer to the Ground (2007)

There are about 300 thousand

Physical characteristics of asteroids

The majority shapeless glibomet diameters of from several km to several tens of kobsa mass of all the asteroids in 20 times less than the mass Lunyu some asteroids have satellites Continue reading

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