Comets: the oldest inhabitants of the Solar system
J. L. Lagrange (1813) was also based on firmly established facts – the presence of comets that definitely move in elliptical orbits, including short-period. He explained the origin of comets gigantic volcanic explosions – emissions (eruption) with giant planets. It is, in principle, could explain the nature of the orbits of short-period comets. Subsequently, the views of La Grange shared and developed a number of scientists, among which the most important contribution of the Soviet astronomer S. K. Bo, who worked in this direction with the 20-ies to 80-ies of our century. He has eliminated the biggest internal difficulty is the concept of Lagrange – the necessity of the ejection of cometary masses (nuclei) with the “surface” of the giant planets with their powerful gravity fields, the overcoming of which requires an initial speed of 60 km/s and more. Giant planets also have thick (the length of many thousands of miles) and very dense atmosphere, in the middle of the twentieth century has been very problematic the very existence of a solid surface planets – giants beneath these atmospheres. Continue reading
In addition, comets can carry the names of the people who discovered them, e.g., comet Halley, comet Machholz, comet shoemaker–levy 9 comet or Mac Note.
Movement and spatial distribution
All comets are members of the Solar system. They, like the planets, are subject to the laws of gravity, but move very peculiar. All the planets revolve around the Sun in one direction (which is referred to as “direct” as opposed to “reverse”) on nearly circular orbits that lie roughly in one plane (the Ecliptic), while comets move in both forward and reverse directions on highly elongated (eccentric) orbits, inclined at different angles to the Ecliptic. It is the nature of motion immediately gives the comet.
Long-period comets (orbital period greater than 200 years) come from regions located thousands of times further than the most remote planets, and their orbits are tilted at all angles. Short-period comets (period less than 200 years) come from the region of the outer planets, moving in the forward direction for orbits lying close to the Ecliptic. Continue reading
Obviously, enough people settled on the planet. Now he rushes into space to other planets, other worlds. Me some time ago, suddenly puzzled question that, maybe, the desire to space as it is genetically built into the human population. Give this thought to those who insist on the theory of extraterrestrial origin of life. Perhaps this is an argument in the dispute. Life originated in space and was for the planet entered, so man tends back. The truth is, other living creatures, tearing at the limits of Earthly comfort I do not know.
One way or another, but wanting to hit the road for a week not in Komarovo, and the ISS, among the millionaires abound. It is a pity that the station still more and to carry back only the tourists are not going. Today for money on the ISS managed to get only five people. The other fly to work. This is a troublesome thing – busy with tourists, but as it turned out very favorable.
Space, generally, requires a lot of money. Considering that not every person can afford to buy a car, it to deal with space transportation passengers can afford not every rich country. Probably, for this reason, we seek cheaper ways of delivering goods or passengers to low earth orbit. Continue reading