The History of cosmonautics

The methodology of extra-curricular activities

“History of cosmonautics”

Goal . formation of knowledge about the history of space exploration.

Learning objectives:

Secondary . formation of concepts:

– theoretical and practical assumptions kosmonavtiki research;

– the relation of the space with natural-mathematical Sciences and engineering;

– on the practical application of means of space exploration in science, technology, culture, industry and agriculture;

– about the space: space craft (SPACECRAFT), launch vehicles (LV), artificial Earth satellites (AES); spacecraft (SC), orbital stations (OS), automatic interplanetary stations (AWS);

– about the history of space research in Russia and abroad.

Educational . formation of scientific Outlook of pupils in the course of exploring the history of human knowledge. Patriotic education while getting acquainted with the outstanding role of Russian science and technology in space development. Polytechnic education and labour upbringing in presenting information on the practical application of space exploration. Continue reading

Characteristics of comets

In addition, comets can carry the names of the people who discovered them, e.g., comet Halley, comet Machholz, comet shoemaker–levy 9 comet or Mac Note.

Movement and spatial distribution

All comets are members of the Solar system. They, like the planets, are subject to the laws of gravity, but move very peculiar. All the planets revolve around the Sun in one direction (which is referred to as “direct” as opposed to “reverse”) on nearly circular orbits that lie roughly in one plane (the Ecliptic), while comets move in both forward and reverse directions on highly elongated (eccentric) orbits, inclined at different angles to the Ecliptic. It is the nature of motion immediately gives the comet.

Long-period comets (orbital period greater than 200 years) come from regions located thousands of times further than the most remote planets, and their orbits are tilted at all angles. Short-period comets (period less than 200 years) come from the region of the outer planets, moving in the forward direction for orbits lying close to the Ecliptic. Continue reading

The principle of operation

Obviously, enough people settled on the planet. Now he rushes into space to other planets, other worlds. Me some time ago, suddenly puzzled question that, maybe, the desire to space as it is genetically built into the human population. Give this thought to those who insist on the theory of extraterrestrial origin of life. Perhaps this is an argument in the dispute. Life originated in space and was for the planet entered, so man tends back. The truth is, other living creatures, tearing at the limits of Earthly comfort I do not know.

One way or another, but wanting to hit the road for a week not in Komarovo, and the ISS, among the millionaires abound. It is a pity that the station still more and to carry back only the tourists are not going. Today for money on the ISS managed to get only five people. The other fly to work. This is a troublesome thing – busy with tourists, but as it turned out very favorable.

Space, generally, requires a lot of money. Considering that not every person can afford to buy a car, it to deal with space transportation passengers can afford not every rich country. Probably, for this reason, we seek cheaper ways of delivering goods or passengers to low earth orbit. Continue reading

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