Model of the Solar system

Solar system is a system of planets orbiting around a star, the Sun. Among those planets is our Earth. The solar System consists of the sun and of celestial bodies held by solar gravity. The mass of the sun is about 330 000 times the mass of the earth and makes up 99.8% mass entire solar system. The diameter of the sun is 1 400 000 km, i.e. about 109 Earth diameters. In the solar system except the sun is made up of eight planets, over 150 moons, and small bodies such as asteroids, comets and meteors.

In order of proximity to the Sun, the eight planets are mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune.

To measure distances in the solar system is used “astronomical unit” (AU). One AU corresponds to the distance from the earth to the Sun. Thus, the distance of one AU is nearly 150 million kilometers. For example, Jupiter rotates on its orbit 5.2 AU, i.e. the distance from the Sun is 5.2 times larger than the Earth. Continue reading

Coma of the comet

The comet’s coma or head of the comet . is a fuzzy mist surrounding the actual nucleus of the comet. Including the tail, the coma is all we actually see, watching the comet from the Earth.

The shape and structure of the comet’s coma

The shape of the coma can vary from comet to comet and for the same comet during its passage, depending on its distance from the Sun and the corresponding quantities of dust and gas. Pale or bright comets producing little dust and often have a round shape, and comets that produce a significant amount of cometary dust have fan-shaped or parabolic shape.

This is due to released different-sized dust grains: those that are bigger are moving to the left along the trajectory of a cometary orbit, and the smaller particles are repelled from the Sun using light pressure.

Coma has 2 main components: gas-shell and shell dust. In fact, scientists believe that comets produce almost the same amount of gas and dust. Continue reading

Giant planet was found at a distance of 25 000 light years from us

25 000 light years from Earth discovered a huge planet eight times bigger than Jupiter

An international team of astronomers has discovered a world that is 2,500 times the size of Earth.

A planet called MOA-2011-BLG-322 about 8 times that of Jupiter, which is the largest planet in our solar system. Astronomers believe it orbits around a star, distant from us at a distance of 25 000 light-years and with a mass equal to a third of the Sun.

Huge world, exceeding the size of the Earth 2,500 times, was discovered by an international team of astronomers. Artistic representation of an unknown planet

As reported by Ian O’neill in Discovery News, the giant planet was discovered using a technology known as “microlensing”.

Microlensing uses the General theory of relativity of albert Einstein, which assumes that gravity is actually the curvature of space and time. Continue reading

Space tourism
"Look at the Earth from space" — many believe this is his dream, and I want to say that it is real. For this you will need some kind of…

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The history of Chinese Astronautics
Actually, I got my hands on a smartphone that fully supports navigation using the Chinese navigation system of the Big dipper). On the market, these smartphones should be out in…

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Meteors It has long been observed that the nuclei of periodic comets are depleted, with every turn they glow weaker. Not once was there a division of cometary nuclei into…

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