The History of cosmonautics

The methodology of extra-curricular activities

“History of cosmonautics”

Goal . formation of knowledge about the history of space exploration.

Learning objectives:

Secondary . formation of concepts:

– theoretical and practical assumptions kosmonavtiki research;

– the relation of the space with natural-mathematical Sciences and engineering;

– on the practical application of means of space exploration in science, technology, culture, industry and agriculture;

– about the space: space craft (SPACECRAFT), launch vehicles (LV), artificial Earth satellites (AES); spacecraft (SC), orbital stations (OS), automatic interplanetary stations (AWS);

– about the history of space research in Russia and abroad.

Educational . formation of scientific Outlook of pupils in the course of exploring the history of human knowledge. Patriotic education while getting acquainted with the outstanding role of Russian science and technology in space development. Polytechnic education and labour upbringing in presenting information on the practical application of space exploration. Continue reading

Characteristics of comets

In addition, comets can carry the names of the people who discovered them, e.g., comet Halley, comet Machholz, comet shoemaker–levy 9 comet or Mac Note.

Movement and spatial distribution

All comets are members of the Solar system. They, like the planets, are subject to the laws of gravity, but move very peculiar. All the planets revolve around the Sun in one direction (which is referred to as “direct” as opposed to “reverse”) on nearly circular orbits that lie roughly in one plane (the Ecliptic), while comets move in both forward and reverse directions on highly elongated (eccentric) orbits, inclined at different angles to the Ecliptic. It is the nature of motion immediately gives the comet.

Long-period comets (orbital period greater than 200 years) come from regions located thousands of times further than the most remote planets, and their orbits are tilted at all angles. Short-period comets (period less than 200 years) come from the region of the outer planets, moving in the forward direction for orbits lying close to the Ecliptic. Continue reading


SPACECRAFT ( SC ) is a technical device used to perform a variety of tasks in space. as well as conducting research and other works on the surface of various celestial bodies. Means of delivery of spacecraft into orbit serve as launch vehicles or aircraft .

Spacecraft, one of the main objectives of which is to transport people or equipment in the upper part of the earth’s atmosphere — the so-called near space. also called “Space aircraft” ( CLA ).

The use of spacecraft to determine their separation in the following groups:

suborbital SPACECRAFT ;

earth orbital SPACECRAFT . moving on geocentric orbits of artificial satellites ;

interplanetary (expeditionary) SC ;

napolnenie KA . Continue reading

Plutonic love
One hundred years ago the world was captivated by the idea of the existence of a ninth planet in the composition of the solar system. But today, in the year…

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The region of formation of comet Tempel 1 and the model of solar system formation
"Our observation was aimed at studying the chemical composition of the comet Tempel 1," says Michael Mumma (Michael Turner) from space flight Center NASA Goddard (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center).…

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Planets of the solar system
Solar system — the planetary system that includes a Central star — the Sun — and all the natural space objects orbiting the Sun. It was formed by gravitational contraction…

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