The methodology of extra-curricular activities
“History of cosmonautics”
Goal . formation of knowledge about the history of space exploration.
Secondary . formation of concepts:
– theoretical and practical assumptions kosmonavtiki research;
– the relation of the space with natural-mathematical Sciences and engineering;
– on the practical application of means of space exploration in science, technology, culture, industry and agriculture;
– about the space: space craft (SPACECRAFT), launch vehicles (LV), artificial Earth satellites (AES); spacecraft (SC), orbital stations (OS), automatic interplanetary stations (AWS);
– about the history of space research in Russia and abroad.
Educational . formation of scientific Outlook of pupils in the course of exploring the history of human knowledge. Patriotic education while getting acquainted with the outstanding role of Russian science and technology in space development. Polytechnic education and labour upbringing in presenting information on the practical application of space exploration. Continue reading
Somehow it happened that I visited Kaluga in sufficient regularity, usually either passing through some of the local estate. or just cases.
Never got to walk around the city, and even more so to see the State Museum of the history of cosmonautics named after K. E. Tsiolkovsky. But once again it so happened that I had to go to Kaluga for one printing, meaning we had to ride 100 miles for 5 minutes. In the end, as in Kaluga, I got the idea to finally carry out his wish.
The state Museum of the history of cosmonautics named after K. E. Tsiolkovsky in Kaluga — the world’s first and Russia’s largest space Museum. In its creation participated personally famous designer Korolev and Yuri Gagarin. Last June 13, 1961 laid the first stone in the Foundation of the future Museum:
And after 6 years, the new Museum welcomed its first visitors. In the Museum you can get acquainted with the domestic history of cosmonautics, from the first artificial satellite of the Earth to modern long-term orbital stations. However, many of the original machines that had been in space you can see with your own eyes. Continue reading
Solar system is the planetary system that includes the Sun. and all the objects orbiting it – planets, moons, asteroids. comet. a large number of meteoroids, gas and cosmic dust .
But how was Solar system formed? The universe formed through the Big Bang. There is the Big Bang theory, which says that long ago the universe was small and hot lump. Suddenly it exploded, expanded space, the temperature of the particles decreased considerably. Due to the force of gravity began to gather clouds of matter, the result of which was formed all the galaxies and stars. It took about 8 billion years after the Big Bang, before the Solar system was formed. The matter is unevenly distributed in space and began to attract the dust and gas. Formed dust and gas clouds, they eventually formed star, the Sun. From other particles of the cloud formed other objects.
Components of the Solar system are divided into categories:
3. Small body
The center of the Solar system is the Sun . It accounts for almost all of the bulk system – 99,87 %. Continue reading