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Characteristics of comets

In addition, comets can carry the names of the people who discovered them, e.g., comet Halley, comet Machholz, comet shoemaker–levy 9 comet or Mac Note.

Movement and spatial distribution

All comets are members of the Solar system. They, like the planets, are subject to the laws of gravity, but move very peculiar. All the planets revolve around the Sun in one direction (which is referred to as “direct” as opposed to “reverse”) on nearly circular orbits that lie roughly in one plane (the Ecliptic), while comets move in both forward and reverse directions on highly elongated (eccentric) orbits, inclined at different angles to the Ecliptic. It is the nature of motion immediately gives the comet.

Long-period comets (orbital period greater than 200 years) come from regions located thousands of times further than the most remote planets, and their orbits are tilted at all angles. Short-period comets (period less than 200 years) come from the region of the outer planets, moving in the forward direction for orbits lying close to the Ecliptic. Continue reading

Model of the Solar system

Solar system is a system of planets orbiting around a star, the Sun. Among those planets is our Earth. The solar System consists of the sun and of celestial bodies held by solar gravity. The mass of the sun is about 330 000 times the mass of the earth and makes up 99.8% mass entire solar system. The diameter of the sun is 1 400 000 km, i.e. about 109 Earth diameters. In the solar system except the sun is made up of eight planets, over 150 moons, and small bodies such as asteroids, comets and meteors.

In order of proximity to the Sun, the eight planets are mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune.

To measure distances in the solar system is used “astronomical unit” (AU). One AU corresponds to the distance from the earth to the Sun. Thus, the distance of one AU is nearly 150 million kilometers. For example, Jupiter rotates on its orbit 5.2 AU, i.e. the distance from the Sun is 5.2 times larger than the Earth. Continue reading

The principle of operation

Obviously, enough people settled on the planet. Now he rushes into space to other planets, other worlds. Me some time ago, suddenly puzzled question that, maybe, the desire to space as it is genetically built into the human population. Give this thought to those who insist on the theory of extraterrestrial origin of life. Perhaps this is an argument in the dispute. Life originated in space and was for the planet entered, so man tends back. The truth is, other living creatures, tearing at the limits of Earthly comfort I do not know.

One way or another, but wanting to hit the road for a week not in Komarovo, and the ISS, among the millionaires abound. It is a pity that the station still more and to carry back only the tourists are not going. Today for money on the ISS managed to get only five people. The other fly to work. This is a troublesome thing – busy with tourists, but as it turned out very favorable.

Space, generally, requires a lot of money. Considering that not every person can afford to buy a car, it to deal with space transportation passengers can afford not every rich country. Probably, for this reason, we seek cheaper ways of delivering goods or passengers to low earth orbit. Continue reading

Short-term space flights of man
Manned flights on the orbital stations In the first decade of the era of manned spaceflight duration increased from 108 min to 18 days. Made in this period, medical and…

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Comets of the Solar system
Comets: the oldest inhabitants of the Solar system J. L. Lagrange (1813) was also based on firmly established facts - the presence of comets that definitely move in elliptical orbits,…

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Small bodies of the Solar system
ASTEROIDS The rule of titzius-Bode r=0.3*2n+ 0,4 (.e)In the XIII century, astronomers searched for a planet whose orbit is held in the space between Mars and Jupiter In the beginning…

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